Today in History in 1755 John Adams graduated from Harvard; in 1857 Confederate General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson married Mary Anna Morrison in Lincoln County, N.C.; in 1951 the novel “Catcher in Rye” by J.D. Salinger was published; and in 1969 Apollo 11, carrying the first men to land on the Moon was launched.
Our on this day in history archives contain over 200,000 events, birthdays and deaths from 6,000 years of history. Here is a roundup of a few of them:
622 - Muslim Era begins - Muhammad begins flight from Mecca to Medina (Hijra)
1054 - Three Roman legates fracture relations between Western and Eastern Christian churches by placing invalid Papal Bull of Excommunication on altar of Hagia Sophia during Saturday afternoon divine liturgy. Often dated as start of the East-West Schism.
1429 - Joan of Arc and the French army enter the city of Rheims
1439 - Kissing is banned in England (to stop germs from spreading)
1519 - Public debate between Martin Luther & theologist John Eck at Pleissenburg Castle in Liepzig, Luther denies the divine right of the Pope
1755 - John Adams graduates Harvard
1809 - La Paz, Bolivia declares its independence from the Spanish Crown and forms the Junta Tuitiva. The first independent government in Spanish America, led by Pedro Domingo Murillo
1861 - Battle of Bull Run, the 1st major battle of the Civil War, is fought
1862 - David Farragut is 1st Rear Admiral in US Navy
1918 - A Bolshevik firing squad at Ekaterinburg, Siberia, executes Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his family
1951 - Novel "Catcher in Rye" by J. D. Salinger published
1969 - Apollo 11, carrying 1st men to land on Moon, launched
1980 - Ronald Reagan nominated for US President by Republicans in Detroit
1994 - Comet Shoemaker-Levy collides with Jupiter
1999 - John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife Carolyn Bessette Kennedy, and sister-in-law Lauren Bessette are killed in a plane crash off the coast of Martha's Vineyard. The Piper Saratoga aircraft was piloted by Kennedy.
2005 - "Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince" the 6th book in the series by J. K. Rowling is published worldwide. 9 million copies sell in 24 hrs
2015 - Scientists reveal 1st close-up pictures of Pluto send back by New Horizons probe