Today in History in 1799 the Rosetta Stone was found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard during Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign; and in 1965 "Mariner IV" sends back the first pictures of Mars.
Our on this day in history archives contain over 200,000 events, birthdays and deaths from 6,000 years of history. Here is a roundup of a few of them:
1099 - City of Jerusalem is captured and plundered by Christian forces during the First Crusade
1381 - John Ball, a leader in the Peasants' Revolt, is hung, drawn and quartered in the presence of Richard II of England.
1410 - Battle of Grunwald (2nd Battle of Tannenburg), one of the largest battles of medieval Europe, during Poland-Lithuanian Teutonic War. Polish King Władysław Jagiełło (Jogaila) and Lithuanian Grand Duke Vytautas led defeat against Teutonic Ulrich von Jungingen
1662 - King Charles II charters Royal Society in London
1741 - Alexei Chirikov sights land in Southeast Alaska. He sends men ashore in a longboat, making them the first Europeans to visit Alaska.
1799 - The Rosetta Stone is found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard during Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign.
1915 - The head of German propaganda in the US, Dr Heinrich Albert, loses his briefcase on a subway in New York City; an examination of its content reveals an extensive network of German espionage and subversion across the US
1955 - Eighteen Nobel laureates sign the Mainau Declaration against nuclear weapons, later co-signed by thirty-four others.
1964 - Barry M Goldwater (Sen-R-Az) nominated for president by Republicans
1965 - "Mariner IV" sends back 1st pictures of Mars
2009 - "Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince", the 6th film based on the books by J. K. Rowling is released worldwide
1573 - Inigo Jones, architect (Old St Paul's Cathedral, Coven Garden), born in London, England
1606 - Rembrandt van Rijn, Leiden Netherlands, painter (Night Watch), (d. 1669)
1944 - Jan-Michael Vincent, actor (Hooper, Tribes, Buster & Billie), born in Denver, Colorado
1946 - Linda Ronstadt, Tucson Az, singer (Dif Drum)/actress (Pir of Penzance)
1950 - Arianna Huffington, Athens, Greek-born author, syndicated columnist and creator of The Huffington Post
1951 - Jesse "The Body" Ventura, wrestler/actor (Predator, Running Man)
1960 - Willie Aames, Newport Beach Ca, actor (8 is Enough, Paradise, Zapped)
1961 - Forest Whitaker, Longview TX, actor (Bloodsport, Platoon, Stakeout)
1500 - "Blood Wedding" of Astorre Baglione & Lavinia Colonna in Perugia family Baglione massacre
1965 - Actress Joan Rivers (32) weds TV producer Edgar Rosenberg
1999 - "Grateful Dead" guitarist Bob Weir (51) weds Natasha Muenter (31) in Mill Valley, California
2005 - Heavyweight boxing champion Lennox Lewis (39) weds former Miss Jamaica runner-up Violet Chang at William Knibb Memorial Baptist Church in Falmouth, Jamaica
2006 - Singer-songwriter Avril Lavigne (21) weds "Sum 41" lead singer and guitarist Deryck Whibley (26) at a private estate in Montecito, California
2006 - Soccer star player Ashley Cole (25) weds "Girls Aloud" member Cheryl Tweedy (23) at Holy Trinity Church in Wrotham Park, Hertfordshire
2011 - American TV personality and host Vanessa Minnillo (30) weds American singer-songwriter Nick Lachey (37) at Sir Richard Branson's private Necker Island in British Virgin Islands
2011 - Former Rhode Island Congressman Patrick Kennedy (44) weds Amy Petitgout in Hyannis Port, Massachusetts
1996 - Prince Charles & Princess Diana sign divorce papers
1521 - Juan Ponce de León, Spanish Explorer and conquistador - 1st European to discover Florida
1881 - Billy the Kid [William H Bonney], shot by sheriff Pat Garrett at 21
1883 - Tom Thumb, famous small person (40"), dies of a stroke at 44
1904 - Anton Chekhov, Russian writer (Uncle Vanya), dies at 44
1919 - Hermann Emil Fischer, German chemist and Nobel Prize laureate, commits suicide at 66
1948 - John J. Pershing, [Black Jack], US general (Mexico, WW I), dies at 87
1996 - Dana Hill, actress (Vacation), dies at 32
1997 - Gianni Versace, fashion designer, shot to death by Andrew Cunanan at 50
2006 - Robert H. Brooks, founder of Hooters of America (b. 1937)
2010 - James E. Akins, American diplomat and advisor to Richard Nixon (b. 1926)
2012 - Celeste Holm, American actress (Gentleman's Agreement, All About Eve), dies at 95