Today in History in 1776 The Declaration of Independence was read to George Washington’s troops in New York; in 1867 an unsuccessful expedition set out to search for Dr. David Livingstone; and in 1918 the U.S. Congress created Distinguished Service Medal.
Our on this day in history archives contain over 200,000 events, birthdays and deaths from 6,000 years of history. Here is a roundup of a few of them:
1553 - Lady Jane Grey, daughter of the Duke of Suffolk, is proclaimed queen of England in succession to Edward VI, who died three days earlier having proclaimed both his half-sisters illegitimate. She reigned for nine days before being deposed by Mary Tudor, who had Jane executed the following February.
1776 - Declaration of Independence is read to George Washington's troops (NY)
1790 - Russo-Swedish War: Second Battle of Svensksund - in the Baltic Sea, the Swedish Navy captures one third of the Russian fleet.
1867 - An unsuccessful expedition led by E.D Young sets out to search for Dr David Livingstone (Scottish missionary and explorer).
1893 - Daniel Williams performs 1st successful open heart surgery without anesthesia
1917 - British battleship Vanguard explodes at Scapa Flow (the result of an internal explosion of faulty cordite), killing 804
1918 - US Congress creates Distinguished Service Medal (not to be confused with other countries' decorations of the same name)
1922 - Johnny Weissmuller swims 1st 100 m free style under 1 minute
1926 - Chiang Kai-shek appointed to national-revolutionary supreme commander
1956 - Dick Clark's 1st appearance as host of American Bandstand
1962 - Andy Warhol's first West Coast gallery exhibition in the Ferus Gallery of Los Angeles
1980 - Walt Disney's "Fox & The Hound" released
1994 - 11,000th HR in NY Yankees history (Matt Nokes)
2002 - The African Union is established in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The first chairman is Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa.
1932 - Donald Rumsfeld, politician (involved in Watergate)
1932 - John Paul Getty II, US/British oil magnate/billionaire (Getty Oil)
1934 - Michael Graves, American postmodernist architect, born in Indianapolis, Indiana
192 - Richard Roundtree, New Rochelle NY, actor (Getting Even, Shaft)
1947 - OJ Simpson [Orenthal James], Santa Fey California, NFL running back (Buf Bills)
1952 - John Tesh, Garden City NY, New age pianist/TV host (ET)
1956 - Tom Hanks, Concord California, actor (Bossom Buddies, Forrest Gump, Phila)
1735 - Author, poet, critic and lexicographer and writer of the first English dictionary Dr. Samuel Johnson (25) marries the widow Elizabeth "Tetty" Porter, 21 years his senior.
1842 - American writer "The Scarlett Letter" Nathaniel Hawthorne (38) marries painter and illustrator Sophia Peabody (33) in the Peabody's home, Boston
1952 - American educator, Presbyterian minister and TV host Fred Rogers (24) weds Sara Joanne Byrd
1952 - Country singer June Carter (23) weds singer Carl Smith (25)
1966 - Major League Baseball pitcher Tom Seaver (21) weds Nancy Lynn McIntyre
1988 - "Facts of Life," Lisa Whelchel weds Steve Cauble
2005 - "Law & Order: Special Victims Unit" actress Diane Neal (28) weds Marcus Fitzgerald on a beach in the Dominican Republic
2005 - Former Beverly Hills 90210 actress Tiffani Thiessen (31) weds actor-artist Brady Smith (33) at a private estate in Montecito, California
2006 - Former Beverly Hills, 90210 mean girl actress Tiffani Thiessen (31) weds actor-artist Brady Smith (33) at a French-Italian estate in Montecito, California
2009 - "The Hot Chick" actress Anna Faris (32) weds actor Chris Pratt (30) in a small ceremony in Bali, Indonesia
2011 - NBA Charlotte Bobcats forward Tyrus Thomas (24) weds long-term girlfriend Jaime Collins at Louisiana
1540 - English King Henry VIII annuls his 6 month marriage to his 4th wife Anne of Cleves, on the grounds of non-consummation and her pre-contract to Francis of Lorraine
2007 - Former contestant on "The Apprentice" and beauty queen Jennifer Murphy (28) divorces "Extreme Makeover" Bill Dorfman (48) due to irreconcilable differences after 1 year of marriage
1386 - Leopold III of Austria (b. 1351)
1441 - Jan/Johannes van Eyck, Flemish painter (Lamb Gods), dies
1654 - Ferdinand IV, King of the Romans, Bohemia and Hungary of smallpox (b. 1633)
1850 - Zachary Taylor, 12th US president (1849-50), dies in White House at 65
1974 - Earl Warren, governor of California/Supreme court justice (1953-68), dies at 83
1981 - Allen Ludden, TV show host (Password), dies at 61
2014 - Eileen Ford, American modelling agency executive and co-founder (Ford Modelling Agency), dies from complications of meningioma and osteoporosis at 92