Today in History in 1836 U.S. President Andrew Jackson announced to Congress a bequest by James Smithson of 100,000 gold sovereigns to found an institution in Washington; and in 1898 Teddy Roosevelt and his Rough Riders charge up San Juan Hill.
Our on this day in history archives contain over 200,000 events, birthdays and deaths from 6,000 years of history. Here is a roundup of a few of them:
1535 - Sir Thomas More goes on trial in England charged with treason
1689 - Matsuo Basho, zen poet, leaves for 150 days journey on Honshu Japan
1795 - John Rutledge becomes 2nd chief justice of US Supreme Court
1836 - US President Andrew Jackson announces to Congress bequest by James Smithson of 100,000 gold sovereigns to found institution in Washington.
1847 - 1st US postage stamps go on sale, 5 cent Franklin & 10 cent Washington, NYC
1858 - The joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace's papers on evolution to the Linnean Society.
1863 - Battle of Gettysburg, Pa; Lee's northward advance halted
1867 - The Dominion of Canada is formed, comprising the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario & Quebec, with John A. Macdonald serving as the first Prime Minister
1873 - Henry Ossian Flipper of Georgia one of the first African Americans enters West Point Military Academy
1878 - Treaty of Berlin divides Africa for colonization
1898 - Teddy Roosevelt & his Rough Riders charge up San Juan Hill
1899 - Gideon Society established to place bibles in hotels
1905 - Albert Einstein introduces his theory of relativity
1907 - World's 1st air force established (US Army)
1921 - The Communist Party of China is founded.
1932 - NY Gov FDR nominated for president at Dem Convention in Chicago
1956 - Elvis Presley wearing a tuxedo appears on Steve Allen Show
1963 - US postal service institutes (Zone Improvement Plan) zip code
1966 - Medicare goes into effect
1980 - 'O Canada' officially becomes the national anthem of Canada.
1861 - Samuel D Riddle, horse owner (Man 'o War)
1906 - Estée Lauder, New York, NY, CEO (Estée Lauder cosmetics) (d. 2004)
1916 - Olivia de Havilland, Tokyo Japan, actress (Adventures of Robin Hood)